1. Outline three risk situations that could have an impact on…

  

QuestionAnswered step-by-step1. Outline three risk situations that could have an impact on…1. Outline three risk situations that could have an impact on testing or the risks associated with collection procedure.2. One of the risks to be considered is the possibility of confusion with client identities. List four possible consequences of an error or confusion in client identity and what steps could you take to minimise this.3. Why is it necessary to assess the client against pre-test criteria and how would you do this? 130 wor4. Suggest six risks associated with venepuncture.5. If you consider that the risk situation is beyond the scope of your own role to deal with, what action should you take? 60 wor6. List at least five organisations or individuals that collectors should have listed in their telephone directory or emergency kit in case they need to refer a risk situation that is beyond the scope of their own role.7. Describe petechiae. Explain how petechiae can be avoided. 80 wor8. A client presents for blood collection and does not inform the collection staff that they are currently taking a prescribed medicine for blood thinning as they recently suffered from deep vein thrombosis (DVT). After required blood is collected, bleeding will not stop from puncture site. What five actions should the collector take?9. What four characteristics will help collection staff recognise adverse signs or potential complications quickly?10. Why is the initial impression of the client valuable in terms of recognising signs of adverse reactions or complications? 150 wor11. Explain why it is important to follow documented procedures regarding reactions and complications. 50 wor12. What is your duty of care during an emergency response? 60 wor13. What is meant by informed consent? 100 wor14. It is not always possible to obtain consent from the client. Explain why it is not always possible and what should be done. 180 wor15. What information should be provided to a client who is being asked for informed consent? 70 wor16. There was a minor incident when you were collecting a blood sample. The issue was professionally dealt with, following the correct procedures, and the client stabilised quickly and easily. List four reasons why it is necessary to follow a formalised incident reporting process.17. Outline in general terms the requirements for emergency procedures in the event that a client experiences a reaction or complication. Give some examples. 60 wor18. Conduct appropriate research and briefly describe the first aid protocols as a Pathology Collector for a client who:- Has fainted in the collection room-  Is having a Seizure/fitting-  Is bleeding excessively after the venepuncture- Is diabetic – Hypoglycemic-Has had a mastectomy and needs to have a blood test?19. What reporting procedures should be followed if there is any client reactions and complications?_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1.__________. Is a common law obligation requiring a reasonable standard of care and protection of clients from foreseeable harm or injury. Select one- Duty of risk- Duty of care- Dignity of risk- Dignity of care2. For a liability in negligence (the tort of negligence) to be established, it must be proved that: Select three- a duty of care was owed in the circumstance- the type of loss or injury suffered was not a reasonably foreseeable consequence of the act or omission- owing the duty- the duty was breached, because of an act or omission on the part of the person (or entity)- a loss or injury is suffered not as a result of the breach3. _______ happens when the rescuer is unable to communicate with the victim. This most often happens because the victim is unconscious, but may also be a result of intoxication, language barriers, mental disorder, or age.- Expressed consent- Unanimous consent- Implied consent- Informed consent4.__________ means a person understands your questions and gives you permission to give care.- Implied consent- Informed consent- Unanimous consent- Expressed consent5. _______ is a process for getting permission before conducting a healthcare intervention on a person, or for disclosing personal information.- Unanimous consent- Informed consent- Implied consent- Expressed consent6. You can breach confidentiality by: (select three)- Storing the client files in locked cabinets- Protecting the client e-files using password- showing or giving records to people within or outside the workplace without the patient’s written consent- discussing a patient with someone over the telephone- talking about patients or leaving records lying about 7. __________. refers to the right to control access to oneself, and includes physical privacy such as ensuring curtains are closed during physical examinations.- Disclosure- Human rights- Privacy- Confidentiality 8. Select two reason for, why it is important to follow documented procedures regarding reactions and complications.- Ensure that duty of care is properly observed.- Procedures must be followed in order to protect the client and the collector.- Helps in claiming extra money- Required only if the situation is serious9. Select four (4) organisations/ individuals that pathology collectors should refer a risk situation that is beyond the scope of their own role.- Pathologist- Ambulance- anthropologist- ornithologist- Supervisor- Medical scientist/ medical officer10.________. is the discipline concerned with protecting the health and safety of all stakeholders in the workplace from exposure to hazards and risks resulting from work activities.- Risk Management- Workplace Health and Safety- Hazard management11. _______. Is the preferred method for hand cleansing in the healthcare setting when hands are not visibly soiled.- Wiping- Alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR)- Handwashing- Damp dusting12. _________ should be performed if our hands are when visibly soiled- Damp dusting- Wiping- Alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR)- Handwashing13. The correct sequence of donning of PPEs- Hand hygiene, mask, goggles, gown, gloves- Hand hygiene, mask, gown, goggles, gloves- Hand hygiene, gown, mask, goggles, gloves- Hand hygiene, mask, goggles, gloves, gown14. The correct sequence of doffing of PPES- Gloves, goggles, gown mask, hand hygiene- Gloves, hand hygiene, goggles, gown mask.- Gown Gloves, goggles, mask, hand hygiene.- Mask Gloves, goggles, gown, hand hygiene.15. ______ are used to control, contain and clean up spills.- Microfibre cloths- Spill kits- Mopping bucket16. Most common causes of sharps injuries. Select five (5)- Use of engineering controls such as safer needle devices- Use of personal protective equipment, safety devices, and sharps disposal containers,- Recapping of needles after use- Passing instruments from hand to hand in the operating suite- Unexpected patient reactions- Overuse of injections and unnecessary sharps- Hazard awareness and proper training- Lack of supplies, access and failure to use sharps containers immediately after injection 17. infectious waste in a health care facility should be disposed in ________. Select one- Yellow bin with biohazard symbol- Green bin with biohazard symbol- Violet bin with biohazard symbol- Orange bin with biohazard symbol 18. Select 5 the important client information which will help to identify the risk associate with the pathology collection procedure:- recent illnesses- reactions/complications to previous collection procedures- allergies- current and recent medications- client sex- clinical history- client age19. ____ are tubes that carry oxygenated blood (high in oxygen) away from the heart.- Veins- Capillaries- Arteries20. ________. Is the largest artery and as it leaves the heart it branches into smaller arteries, eventually they become capillaries.- The aorta- Inferior venacava- Pulmonary artery 21. ____ are very small vessels that surround the cells of the body and they allow the movement of oxygen and nutrients into the cells and carbon dioxide and waste products away from the cells.- Veins- Arteries- Capillaries 22. ________. Are tubes that carry deoxygenated blood (low in oxygen) toward the heart, and have thinner muscular walls.- Arteries- Veins- Capillaries 23. ________. Is a hollow organ about the size of a fist and is composed of special muscle tissue (cardiac muscle) and, lies under the breast bone in the centre of the cardiothoracic cavity.- The liver- The lungs- The heart24. ________. lies between muscles and is usually the most easy to puncture.- Superficial veins- The median cubital vein- Pulmonary veins- Systematic veins25. Select four (4) characteristics will help pathology collection staff to recognise adverse signs or potential complications quickly.- be very familiar with the presentation of symptoms- Leave the signs, only report if it is really serious- Not focus on the client- have very good observation skills- be aware of individual differences which might impact on symptoms- have good communication skills26. The transmission of infection occurs when the agent leaves its reservoir or host through a portal of exit, is conveyed by some mode of transmission, and enters through an appropriate portal of entry to infect a susceptible host. This sequence is sometimes called _______.- Infectious disease- The chain of infection- Nosocomial infection27. Haemoconcentration may cause- false increase in potassium ion, phosphorus, ammonia and total protein- false decrease in potassium ion, phosphorus, ammonia and total protein- increase in BGL- decrease in BGL28. Select six risks associated with venepuncture.- puncturing of artery- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease- nausea from low blood sugar, anxiety attack- allergy- Frontotemporal dementia- haematoma- phlebitis, thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis or infection- difficulty in stopping bleeding at puncture site post collection- Down syndrome29. What reporting procedures should be followed if there is any client reactions and complications? Select  two- completing accurate records of incidents- Leave the matter- ensuring that they are filed and stored appropriately- Report only if it is really serious 30. ______. Occurs when your brain temporarily doesn’t receive enough blood supply, causing you to lose consciousness. This loss of consciousness is usually brief.- Nerve damage- Fitting- Fainting31. Fit can occur after a head injury or anything that directly affects the brain. The common triggers include _____. Select four- Proper sleep- Exposure to flickering light- Exposure to low light- Alcohol- Fever, Drugs — commonly induce seizures- Emotional stress32. Bleeding from a cut or torn artery is called as ____. and, the blood will be bright red and spurt from the wound.- Vein bleeding- Capillary bleeding- Arterial bleeding33. ______ is a soft tissue injury that involves the skin and nearby tissues following a blow or other forces that break a blood vessel close to the surface of the body.- A bruise- A sprain- A graze- A strain34. Bleeding from a cut or torn skin is called as _______- Capillary bleeding- Artery- Vein- Internal35. A cut that is made by a sharp edge and that often bleeds quite heavily is known as _______.- Graze- Incision- Laceration- Abrasion36. A wound where the skin has been torn in an irregular way is known as _____.- Graze- Laceration- Abrasion- Incision37. _______.is a medical condition that has resulted from changes in the body’s ability to regulate glucose (sugar) levels in the blood.- Embolism- Arthritis- Diabetes- CVD38. When notice that a woman has fallen to the ground and is shaking. The woman is disoriented, pale and sweating but consciousness.What may she be suffering from?- Stroke- Asthma- Epilepsy- Hypoglyceamia39. What is the first thing you have to do as a first aider in case of Hypoglycaemia?- Commence EAR- Place in recovery position- Commence CPR- Give her a drink of water40. Strains, sprains and bruises can be generally managed using the four-step technique.- F.A.S.T- R.I.C.E.- R.A.C.E- S.T.O.P41. ______ occur when the surface layer of the skin (epidermis) has been rubbed off .- Lacerations- Grazes-  Incisions42. First aid for grazes include- Dialysis- well cleaned and, depending on how deep they are, may need a dressing.- Medication- Surgery43. _______. Type of burn can cause heart failure.- Steam- Hot air- Electrical44. Steam will cause _____ type of burn.- Scald- Electrical burn- Partial burn- Full burn-  Wet burn45. A second level thickness burn called ______.- Electrical burn- Wet burn- Full burn- Partial burn BiologySciencePhysiologyHLT37215 – CERTIFICATE III IN PATHOLOGY COLLECTION HLT37215Share Question

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