QUESTION 1 In ancient Athens,the literal definition of ‘philosophy’would have been: The ‘love of facts,’the sort ofthat you will use in your…

  

QUESTION 1 In ancient Athens, the literal definition of “philosophy” would have been:   A.The “love of facts,” the sort of that you will use in your professional lives.    B.The love of wisdom, love as defined as the  attachment to teachers who guided the Athenian youth in the time of Socrates.  C.The belief in the Greek gods of Homeric myth.  D.The “love of wisdom,” love as defined as the willingness to die for wisdom.     10 points   QUESTION 2 Cultural relativism holds that, at the end of the day, every belief boils down to a purely individual opinion.      True False  10 points   QUESTION 3 Deomocritus’ materialism implies which of the following:   A.The fundamental “stuff” of reality is matter  B.Matter operates by way of mechanical laws in which “nothing happens for a reason.”   C.That there may be a problem in attributing “choice” and “responsibility” to beings who are also composed of this sort of matter.    D.A and C  E.None of the above   10 points   QUESTION 4 According to Democritus, when we experience the world–when we smell, hear and see things–we are experiencing the ultimate reality, the atoms that compromise the universe.    True False QUESTION 5 Please match the subfield of philosophy with its appropriate definition:   – A. B. C. D. Metaphysics  – A. B. C. D. epistemology  – A. B. C. D. Ethics  – A. B. C. D. Aesthetics A.Known as the “theory of knowledge,” this sub-discipline investigates the nature of the truth, belief and opinion.   B.The study of ultimate reality–traditionally this study was about theological (religious matters) but now includes questions about selfhood and the mind.   C.The study of the beautiful, taste, and the sublime.   D.The study of right action and good character   10 points   QUESTION 6 In ancient Athen, which of the following teachers were in charge of the youths’ education?  A.The poets and the cynics, both of whom were deeply skeptical of the stories told by Homer.    B.The philosophers and the poets, both of whom wanted to see the rulers of Athens establish a fair and equitable democracy.    C.The poets and the sophists, both of whom used appearance and illusion to convince their listeners of particular truths.    D.The sophists and the philosophers, who were often confused with one another.     10 points   QUESTION 7 Which of the following descriptions best describe “the Socratic Problem” also known as the “Problem of Socrates”?   A.The fact that readers only get to know Socrates secondhand, in other words, that Socrates himself did not write  anything and we get to know him through other people’s accounts.    B.The fact that Socrates is killed unjustly by the citizens of Athens and therefore should have escaped his fate and could have done so justly.    C.The fact that Socrates taught his students but, in fact, claimed to have no real knowledge.  He had Socratic Wisdom which suggested that he knew that he did not know.    D.The fact that Euthyphro provides several definitions of piety but Socrates disproves them all, hence leaving a reader without a clear sense of what is right and what is wrong.     10 points   QUESTION 8 True or False: existential questions are the type of questions that one should ask only in times of crisis and in times of great tragedy.    True False       Arts & Humanities Philosophy PHIL 100-B

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